CREB - Center for Research in Economics and Business

Incentivizing Development: A Field Experiment on Third Tier Organizations (TTOs) in Pakistan

Project members:
Hamna Ahmed, Lahore School of Economics/University of Kent
Asha Gul, Lahore School of Economics/University of New South Wales
Kate Vyborny, Duke University
Simon Quinn, University of Oxford


The project is an academic collaboration and is being funded by the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF) and the International Growth Centre (IGC). The study focuses on incentivizing development across 800 TTOs spread across Pakistan by testing the impact of two sustainable measures the donor can take to engage with these community-based organizations: (i) self-reporting and (ii) nonfinancial incentives.

The design of the study was presented at a CSAE Seminar, University of Oxford in October 2013 as well as the First International Conference on Research and Learning organized by PPAF on 2-3 April 2014. Moreover, the RCT was also presented and appreciated at the ADB-3ie Conference on Making Impact Evaluation Matter Better Evidence for Effective Policies and Programmes at Manila, Philippines, 1- 5 September, 2014.

The Baseline Survey for the project was completed in October 2014 and has gathered important information about the characteristics of TTOs, the scope of activities in their communities and the level of inclusion (of women, disabled, and the poor) in these organizations. The preliminary findings from the Baseline Survey were presented to PPAF in January 2015. Between May and June 2015, treatment for the experiment was rolled out. This involved conducting an extensive round of training with members from treated LSOs. A total of 39 trainings sessions were conducted at 9 trainings hubs spread across all provinces. The research team worked closely with CHIP Training and Consulting firm for successful completion of the treatment roll-out.

The first round of the Experiment spanned from May to October 2015 with the second round covering November 2015 to April 2016. The Research Team along with CHIP Training and Consulting firm has been actively engaged in collecting the performance reports from all the treatment LSOs. This has also involved an active engagement with both the PPAF and Partner Organizations in an attempt to increase active participation of the LSOs in the scheme. Currently, the research team is analyzing the performance reports of the LSOs to calculate the winners from the first round. The winners will be felicitated in a local recognition ceremony attended by members of the PO, local officials and local community members.

Alongside, the research team presented the main findings from the Baseline Survey to a gathering of all the Partner Organisations organized by PPAF on 12 Jan 2016, which will soon be followed by a series of briefs that address several LSO issues like women involvement, relationship with POs, nature of activities, funding sources, etc.